David Farland’s Writing Tips—Learning to Think and Write Critically

Think and Write Critically

Recently I spoke to a group of young writers who were studying at an intensive writing workshop. They came from all over the world and many of them were obviously new to the craft. They’d been working at writing daily for about a month.

As I listened to them critique one another’s stories, I realized that they were doing an amazing job of it. They were catching things that I’d seen, elaborating on problems nicely, suggesting new solutions, sometimes brainstorming alternate storylines, and in general, they were learning how to think about stories. 

I was very impressed—more impressed with the criticism than the stories. However, I suspect that in a couple more months, I’ll find that their writing skills will have caught up with their critical skills.

Which makes me wonder. I’ve noticed in the past that the best writers are quite often the best critics. If you concern yourself with the making of stories, it sort of makes sense that you will get good at it. But it doesn’t always follow: some critics aren’t interested in creating stories so much as they are interested in understanding them, and so their critical skills don’t translate to writing skills at all. Meanwhile, some writers work at such a deep subconscious level that they can’t quite communicate what they are doing.

Yet time and time again, I’ve noticed that writers will develop the skill to think critically before they become fine writers.

This is part of the reason that I encourage writers to form strong critique groups. There are other excellent reasons to form critique groups, though.

  1. Motivation. As a new writer, I remember dozens of times when I would go to a writing group feeling perhaps a little ho-hum and exhausted, only to find that a group member had won a writing award or gotten a story accepted for a major magazine or someone told how they loved my latest piece with tears in their eyes, and I left feeling far more motivated than when I’d some.
  2. Mirroring. I find that writers who are successful in writing groups often serve as good examples to the others. They set writing goals, meet them, get sales, and win awards—and those in their writing groups will subconsciously try to mirror their successful behaviors, so that if one author gains notoriety, others in the group will too.
  3. Accountability. Writers in groups often set goals together and share results, so that they end up being far more productive than those who don’t belong to the group.
  4. Shared knowledge and experience. By joining a group, a writer will find herself surrounded by others who often bring fresh ideas and new insights to the writer, encouraging them to consider new approaches to writing.

But there are dangers and problems with critique groups. They can easily get too large so that authors are running themselves ragged trying to critique diverse manuscripts. You sometimes find groups where petty jealousies devolve into one-upmanship so that the writers in the group grow hypercritical.

Last of all, critiquing a story can be time-intensive. When you look at a story, you might want to consider questions like, “Is this the best protagonist for this piece?” “Who is the audience for the story?” “What if we moved it to third person instead of first?” “Does the title hook me?” “Do the opening sentences transport me?” “Is the author employing the right emotional beats for his audience?” “Is this better than comparable stories in its field?” and so on. This list can go on for pages. So learning to think critically isn’t just about searching for missing words and commas that are out of place, its about studying the piece, understanding the markets, and learning to think about audiences, too.

Learning to understand storytelling (critiquing) takes time, and time is a bottleneck. Most of us feel we don’t have enough of it.

But thinking deeply about writing helps you educate your own literary sensibilities and tastes, and it helps you discover things that no one else has noticed.

Yet, remarkably, I see a lot of talented young writers who refuse to participate in critique groups. They’re afraid to commit themselves to working so hard for such an intangible reward. It’s kind of like people who want to be bodybuilders who refuse to lift weights, or someone who wants to be a concert pianist who refuses to practice. Yes, they might be good pianists, but they’ll never make it to concert quality.

Over and over we see that the best writers often have exemplary critique groups. Tolkien and Lewis had the Inklings. Ernest Hemingway exchanged critiques with John Steinbeck and William Faulkner—and all three ended up winning the Nobel Prize.

Don’t limit your potential by avoiding the hard work of writing. Join a good critique group. I’ve tried to make it easy for you with Apex (I’ve created a link below.) 

Back in the 1990s I belonged to one group where I had to drive sixty miles each week for the group. We met in a restaurant and had dinner, so it was a heavy investment of both time and money to go. It was well worth it.

But nowadays you don’t have to drive across town or go buy expensive meals—you can join a world-class writing group from your own home. With Apex, you’ll find other writers who are writing consistently, winning awards, getting published, and so on. You’ll find that we have weekly visits with bestselling authors and publishing professionals, along with other exciting programs.

But you don’t have to join our group to develop your critical skills. Simply get involved with a few (perhaps three to six writers) and begin your mental workouts now.

318R Creative Writing Course
Twenty years ago, Dave taught his legendary 318R writing class at BYU. Some of his students included Brandon Sanderson (Way of Kings), Dan Wells (I am Not a Serial Killer), and Stephenie Meyer (Twilight). Dave’s approach worked well because he put emphasis not just on writing but also on the business of writing, so that an author doesn’t waste years of his or her life by making costly career mistakes. We have a few audit seats still open where you can be a "fly on the wall" when you audit it, but we will be closing registrations soon. Click here to Learn more about the class.
Apex Writers Group David Farland
Consider joining the Apex Writers Online Writing Group If you’re a highly motivated writer committed to doing what it takes to make it in the publishing world, this group is for you. With Apex, you’ll be mentored by one of the world’s most successful writing teachers, David Farland. Once you join, you’ll be given access to all Dave’s online courses and seminars, such as The Advanced Story Puzzle Writing Enchanting Prose Editing to Greatness Promising Starts Magnificent Middles Powerful Endings Publishing in 2021 And Many More—(a $2400 value) In fact, new lessons are added weekly, all designed to help you either break into the publishing industry or move you up the ladder to becoming a bestseller. You’ll even get in on Dave’s calls where you can ask your own questions and get answers. You’ll be invited to join Study Groups—to go through workshop materials, study genres, publishers, and agents Writing Groups—to critique each other’s work Accountability Groups—to help you set and meet goals Writing Rings—where you can join like-minded authors and help boost each other’s sales by advertising to one another’s fan base Our private forum where you can research topics and network Our closed Facebook Group—network with hundreds of writers. We want to help bestselling careers, and you can do that better by networking with hundreds of writers who will help you boost your signal on social media when you sell your books, train you to market your work well, and help you break into Hollywood as your sales numbers grow. JRR Tolkien and CS Lewis had the Inklings. Ernest Hemingway worked with Faulkner and Steinbeck to achieve greatness. Now it is your turn! So what are you waiting for? The annual cost for the group is only $239, and you can pay monthly. Just click here to fill out an application.

About David Farland


Dave is the best-selling author of 60 books and anthologies.


He has helped train dozens of other successful authors, including such #1 New York Times Bestsellers as 


  • Brandon Sanderson (Wheel of Time)
  • Stephenie Meyer (Twilight)
  • James Dashner (Maze Runner)
  • Brandon Mull (Fablehaven)
  • And many more…

Dave has won numerous awards for his writing including


  • Philip K. Dick Memorial Special Award
  • Hollywood Book Festival “Book of the Year”
  • International Book Award, Best Young Adult Novel
  • Whitney Award, “Best Book of the Year”

In addition to writing and teaching, Dave Farland 


  • Is lead judge for one of the world’s largest writing contests
  • Broke the Guinness Record –World’s Largest Single-Author, Single-Book signing
  • Worked as a Hollywood greenlighting analyst
  • Worked as a designer for one of the popular videogames StarCraft: Broodwar

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